A Vacuolar β-Glucosidase Homolog That Possesses Glucose-Conjugated Abscisic Acid Hydrolyzing Activity Plays an Important Role in Osmotic Stress Responses in Arabidopsis
- A Vacuolar β-Glucosidase Homolog That Possesses Glucose-Conjugated Abscisic Acid Hydrolyzing Activity Plays an Important Role in Osmotic Stress Responses in Arabidopsis
- Xu, ZY; Lee, KH; Dong, T; Jeong, JC; Jin, JB; Kanno, Y; Kim, DH; Kim, SY; Seo, M; Bressan, RA; Yun, DJ; Hwang, I
- Date Issued
- AMER SOC PLANT BIOLOGISTS
- The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays a critical role in various physiological processes, including adaptation to abiotic stresses. In Arabidopsis thaliana, ABA levels are increased both through de novo biosynthesis and via beta-glucosidase homolog1 (BG1)-mediated hydrolysis of Glc-conjugated ABA (ABA-GE). However, it is not known how many different beta-glucosidase proteins produce ABA from ABA-GE and how the multiple ABA production pathways are coordinated to increase ABA levels. Here, we report that a previously undiscovered beta-glucosidase homolog, BG2, produced ABA by hydrolyzing ABA-GE and plays a role in osmotic stress response. BG2 localized to the vacuole as a high molecular weight complex and accumulated to high levels under dehydration stress. BG2 hydrolyzed ABA-GE to ABA in vitro. In addition, BG2 increased ABA levels in protoplasts upon application of exogenous ABA-GE. Overexpression of BG2 rescued the bg1 mutant phenotype, as observed for the overexpression of NCED3 in bg1 mutants. Multiple Arabidopsis bg2 alleles with a T-DNA insertion in BG2 were more sensitive to dehydration and NaCl stress, whereas BG2 overexpression resulted in enhanced resistance to dehydration and NaCl stress. Based on these observations, we propose that, in addition to the de novo biosynthesis, ABA is produced in multiple organelles by organelle-specific beta-glucosidases in response to abiotic stresses.
- COMMELINA GUARD-CELLS; DYNAMIN-LIKE PROTEIN; CHELATASE H-SUBUNIT; NICOTIANA-PLUMBAGINIFOLIA; ZEAXANTHIN EPOXIDASE; SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION; SEED DORMANCY; PLANT-CELLS; THALIANA; ABA
- Article Type
- PLANT CELL, vol. 24, no. 5, page. 2184 - 2199, 2012-05
- Files in This Item:
- There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.