Magnetorheological Fluid Haptic Shoes for Walking in VR
- Magnetorheological Fluid Haptic Shoes for Walking in VR
- Yang, T.; Son, H.; Byeon, S.; Gil, H.; Hwang, I.; Jo, G.; Choi, S.; Kim, S.; Kim, J.R.
- Date Issued
- IEEE COMPUTER SOC
- In this article, present RealWalk, a pair of haptic shoes for HMD-based VR, designed to create realistic sensations of ground surface deformation, and texture using Magnetorheological fluid (MR fluid). RealWalk offers a novel interaction scheme through the physical interaction between the shoes, and the ground surfaces while walking in VR. Each shoe consists of two MR fluid actuators, an insole pressure sensor, and a foot position tracker. The MR fluid actuators are designed in the form of multi-stacked disc structure with a long flow path to maximize the flow resistance. With changing the magnetic field intensity in MR fluid actuators based on the ground material in the virtual scene, the viscosity of MR fluid is changed accordingly. When a user steps on the ground with the shoes, the two MR fluid actuators are pressed down, creating a variety of ground material deformation such as snow, mud, and dry sand. We built an interactive VR application, and compared RealWalk with vibrotactile-based haptic shoes in four different VR scenes: grass, sand, mud, and snow. We report that, compared to vibrotactile-haptic shoes, RealWalk provides higher ratings in all scenes for discrimination, realism, and satisfaction. We also report qualitative user feedback for their experiences.
- Article Type
- IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON HAPTICS, vol. 14, no. 1, page. 83 - 94, 2021-01
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