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Large Remnant Polarization in a Wake-Up Free Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 Ferroelectric Film through Bulk and Interface Engineering

Title
Large Remnant Polarization in a Wake-Up Free Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 Ferroelectric Film through Bulk and Interface Engineering
Authors
Kashir, AlirezaKim, HyungwooOh, SeungyeolHwang, Hyunsang
Date Issued
2021-02
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
A wake-up free Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 (HZO) ferroelectric film with the highest remnant polarization (P-r) value to date was achieved through tuning of the ozone pulse duration, the annealing process, and the metal/insulator interface. The ozone dosage during the atomic layer deposition of HZO films appears to be a crucial parameter in suppressing the mechanisms driving the wake-up effect. A tungsten capping electrode with a relatively low thermal expansion coefficient enables the induction of an in-plane tensile strain, which increases the formation of the orthorhombic phase while decreasing the formation of the monoclinic phase during the cooling step of the annealing process. Therefore, increasing the annealing temperature T-A followed by rapid cooling to room temperature resulted in a substantial increase in the 2P(r) value (similar to 64 mu C/cm(2)). However, the leakage current increased considerably, which can affect the performance of metal-insulator-metal devices. To reduce the leakage current while maintaining the mechanical stress during thermal annealing, a 10 nm Pt layer was inserted between the W/HZO bottom interface. This resulted in an similar to 20-fold decrease in the leakage current while the 2P(r) value remained almost constant (similar to 60 It mu C/cm(2)). The increase in barrier height at the Pt/HZO interface compared to that of the W/HZO interface coupled with the suppression of the formation of interfacial oxides (WOx) by the introduction of a Pt/HZO interface serves to decrease the leakage current.
URI
https://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/105174
ISSN
2637-6113
Article Type
Article
Citation
Acs Applied Electronic Materials, vol. 3, no. 2, page. 629 - 638, 2021-02
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황현상HWANG, HYUNSANG
Dept of Materials Science & Enginrg
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