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Sustained E2 antibody response correlates with reduced peak viremia after hepatitis C virus infection in the chimpanzee SCIE SCOPUS

Title
Sustained E2 antibody response correlates with reduced peak viremia after hepatitis C virus infection in the chimpanzee
Authors
Youn, JWPark, SHLavillette, DCosset, FLYang, SHLee, CGJin, HTKim, CMShata, MTMLee, DHPfahler, WPrince, AMSung, YC
Date Issued
2005-12
Publisher
JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
Abstract
Immune correlates of protection against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are not well understood. Here we investigated 2 naive and 6 immunized chimpanzees before and after intravenous challenge, 12 weeks after the last immunization, with 100 50% chimpanzee infectious doses (CID50) of heterologous genotype 1b HCV. Vaccination with recombinant DNA and adenovirus vaccines expressing HCV core, E1E2, and NS3-5 genes induced long-term HCV-specific antibody and T-cell responses and reduced peak viral load about 100 times compared with controls (5.91 +/- 0.38 vs. 3.81 +/- 0.71 logs, respectively). There was a statistically significant inverse correlation between peak viral loads and envelope glycoprotein 2 (E2)-specific antibody responses at the time of challenge. Interestingly, one vaccinee that had sterilizing immunity against slightly heterologous virus generated the highest level of E2-specific total and neutralizing antibody responses as well as strong NS3/NS5-specific T-cell proliferative responses. The other four vaccinees with low levels of E2-specific antibody had about 44-fold reduced peak viral loads but eventually developed persistent infections. In conclusion, vaccine-induced E2-specific antibody plays an important role in prevention from nonhomologous virus infection and may provide new insight into the development of an effective HCV vaccine.
Keywords
STIMULATING FACTOR GENE; NATURAL-KILLER-CELLS; IMMUNE-RESPONSE; DNA IMMUNIZATION; HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA; ENVELOPE PROTEIN; VACCINATION; VACCINES; REPLICATION; MACROPHAGES
URI
https://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/24286
DOI
10.1002/HEP.20934
ISSN
0270-9139
Article Type
Article
Citation
HEPATOLOGY, vol. 42, no. 6, page. 1429 - 1436, 2005-12
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성영철SUNG, YOUNG CHUL
Dept of Life Sciences
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