Three-dimensional photonic topological insulator without spin-orbit coupling
- Three-dimensional photonic topological insulator without spin-orbit coupling
- Kim Minkyung; Wang Zihao; Yang Yihao; Teo Hau Tian; Rho Junsuk; Zhang Baile
- Date Issued
- Nature Publishing Group
- Spin–orbit coupling, a fundamental mechanism underlying topological insulators, has been introduced to construct the latter’s photonic analogs, or photonic topological insulators (PTIs). However, the intrinsic lack of electronic spin in photonic systems leads to various imperfections in emulating the behaviors of topological insulators. For example, in the recently demonstrated three-dimensional (3D) PTI, the topological surface states emerge, not on the surface of a single crystal as in a 3D topological insulator, but along an internal domain wall between two PTIs. Here, by fully abolishing spin–orbit coupling, we design and demonstrate a 3D PTI whose topological surface states are self-guided on its surface, without extra confinement by another PTI or any other cladding. The topological phase follows the original Fu’s model for the topological crystalline insulator without spin–orbit coupling. Unlike conventional linear Dirac cones, a unique quadratic dispersion of topological surface states is directly observed with microwave measurement. Our work opens routes to the topological manipulation of photons at the outer surface of photonic bandgap materials.
- Article Type
- Nature Communications, vol. 13, no. 1, 2022-06
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