Quantum optics in silicon nanophotonics
- Quantum optics in silicon nanophotonics
- SHIN, HEEDEUK
- Date Issued
- Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers have been developed for electronic integrated circuits, but are also one of the most promising platforms in photonic integrated circuits due to its low loss, high refractive index, ability to fast phase modulation, and well-developed fabrication technologies. With advantages to handle light with a small volume and high modulation speed, silicon photonics has been intensively investigated as the next generation platform of signal processing, interconnection, and communication devices. Recently, silicon photonics has been attracted great interests in quantum optics communities as optical quantum systems for linear optical quantum computing are achievable using silicon photonic components including beam splitters, phase modulators, and filters and the small footprint of a silicon photonic quantum system has unprecedented performances of high stability and scalability. Here we show our recent results on the fabrication of silicon photonic elements for quantum applications. We fabricated low-loss optical waveguides, efficient fiber-to-waveguide grating couplers, resonator-based optical filters, and tunable beam splitters and tested their performances. A micro-sized heater is attached on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, showing stable operation as a slow phase modulator. In addition, phase modulators using plasma dispersion effects are under investigation. Finally, the quantum characteristics of photon pairs generated by spontaneous four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides are investigated. These results will be an essential cornerstone for the realization of quantum optical computing and quantum communication devices.
- Article Type
- 한국물리학회 2019 봄 학술대회, 2019-04-25
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