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Bistatic ISAR Imaging for Nonuniformly Rotating Targets

Title
Bistatic ISAR Imaging for Nonuniformly Rotating Targets
Authors
Kang, BRyu, BKIM, KYUNG TAE
Date Issued
Nov-2018
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Abstract
When a target undergoes nonuniform rotational motion (RM), conventional motion compensation (MOCOM) approaches for monostatic inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) systems fail to correct the nonuniform RM error in bistatic radar systems; this failure is caused by nonlinear phase relationships between scatterers in bistatic ISAR (Bi-ISAR) systems. To address this problem, in this paper, we propose a new MOCOM framework for Bi-ISAR imaging of non-uniformly rotating targets. In the proposed method, a newly devised correction is performed to ensure successful RM compensation, followed by translational motion compensation. Because the phase relationships of the scatterers become virtually linear after this correction, nonuniformRM can be successfully converted into uniform RM. Namely, using the proposed method, translational and rotational motion errors are correctly removed, and focused Bi-ISAR images are obtained even for a target involved in nonuniform RM. Furthermore, for more effective use of Bi-ISAR images, a method to restore sheared Bi-ISAR images is exploited in the proposed framework. In the simulations and experiments, we determined that the proposed method can provide high-quality Bi-ISAR images for nonuniformly rotating targets.
Keywords
SYNTHETIC-APERTURE RADAR; JOINT TIME-FREQUENCY; MOTION COMPENSATION; MANEUVERING TARGETS; ALGORITHM; RANGE; AUTOFOCUS
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/95476
ISSN
0018-9251
Article Type
Article
Citation
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS, vol. 55, no. 4, page. 1972 - 1988, 2018-11
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 KIM, KYUNG TAE
Dept of Electrical Enginrg
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