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Transcriptional modulation of the T helper 17/interleukin 17 axis ameliorates renal ischemia-reperfusion injury

Transcriptional modulation of the T helper 17/interleukin 17 axis ameliorates renal ischemia-reperfusion injury
Jae Wook LeeEunjin BaeSun-Ho KwonMi-Yeon YuRan-Hui ChaHajeong LeeDong Ki KimJung Pyo LeeSang-Kyu YeYOO, JOO YEONDong Jun ParkYon Su KimSeung Hee Yang
Date Issued
Oxford University Press
BACKGROUND: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a latent transcription factor critical for T-cell function. Although inhibition of the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/STAT3 pathway has been reported to be protective against ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), the role of T cell-associated STAT3 in the pathogenesis of renal IRI has not been specifically defined. METHODS: We induced renal IRI in both mice with T cell-specific STAT3 knockout (Lck-Cre;STAT3flox/flox) and wild-type controls (C57BL/6) and assessed renal damage and inflammation at 48 h after IRI. Human proximal tubular epithelial cells grown under hypoxia were treated with a JAK2 inhibitor, caffeic acid 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylethyl ester, to determine the effect of JAK2/STAT3 inhibition on renal epithelia. Independently, we disrupted Cln 3-requiring 9 (Ctr9) to inhibit T helper 17 (Th17) activation via RNA interference and determined if Ctr9 inhibition aggravates renal injury through upregulated Th17 activation. RESULTS: The Lck-Cre;STAT3flox/flox mice exhibited significantly reduced kidney damage compared with controls. This protective effect was associated with reduced intrarenal Th17 infiltration and proinflammatory cytokines. Human proximal tubular epithelial cells under hypoxia exhibited significant upregulation of interleukin 17 receptors, and pharmacologic inhibition of JAK2 significantly ameliorated this change. RNA interference with Ctr9 in splenocytes enhanced differentiation into Th17 cells. In vivo knockdown of Ctr9 in mice with renal IRI further aggravated Th17-associated inflammation and kidney injury. CONCLUSIONS: STAT3 in T cells contributes to renal IRI through Th17 activation. Inhibition of Ctr9 further enhances Th17 activation and aggravates kidney injury, further supporting the role of Th17 cells in renal IRI.
Article Type
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 34, no. 9, page. 1481 - 1498, 2018-12
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