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Effect of Nozzle Port Angle on Transient Flow and Surface Slag Behavior During Continuous Steel-Slab Casting

Title
Effect of Nozzle Port Angle on Transient Flow and Surface Slag Behavior During Continuous Steel-Slab Casting
Authors
Cho, Seong-MookThomas, Brian G.Kim, Seon-Hyo
Date Issued
Feb-2019
Publisher
SPRINGER
Abstract
Undesirable flow variations can cause severe instabilities at the interface between liquid mold flux and molten steel across the mold top-region during continuous steel casting, resulting in surface defects in the final products. A three-dimensional Large Eddy Simulation (LES) model using the volume of fluid method for the slag and molten steel phases is validated with plant measurements, and applied to gain new insights into the effects of nozzle port angle on transient flow, top slag/steel interface movement, and slag behavior during continuous slab casting under nominally steady conditions. Upward-angled ports produce a single-roll flow pattern with lower surface velocity, due to rapid momentum dissipation of the spreading jet. However, strong jet wobbling from the port leads to greater interface variations. Severe level drops allow easy entrapment of liquid flux by the solidifying steel shell at the meniscus. Sudden level rises may also be detrimental, leading to overflow of the solidified meniscus region. Downward-angled ports produce a classic double-roll pattern with less jet turbulence and a more stable interface everywhere except near the narrow faces. Finally, the flow patterns, surface velocity, and level predicted from the validated LES model are compared with steady-state standard k-epsilon model predictions.
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/95300
ISSN
1073-5615
Article Type
Article
Citation
METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE, vol. 50, no. 1, page. 52 - 76, 2019-02
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 KIM, SEON HYO
Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology
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