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The Efficacy of the Tolling Model’s Ability to Improve Project Profitability on International Steel Plants

Title
The Efficacy of the Tolling Model’s Ability to Improve Project Profitability on International Steel Plants
Authors
Kim, Dong-HyeonLEE, EUL BUMJUNG, INHYEAlleman, Douglas
Date Issued
Mar-2019
Publisher
MDPI AG
Abstract
To overcome profitability deterioration in executing steel price projects, companies are seeking overseas expansion, which increases market size while reducing profit certainty. Special purpose companies (SPCs) have been found to better manage these risks through tolling agreements which transfer the local pricing volatility risks (raw material, steel sales, licensing and income tax) to the project sponsor. The energy market has benefited from policy changes allowing the use of the tolling model, finding an increase in profitability for both project sponsors and SPCs through more effective risk sharing. While successes have been published in the energy, gas, and highway sectors, the tolling model’s efficacy has yet to be tested on the steel sector. As such, this research adds to the existing body of knowledge by testing the financial feasibility of using the tolling model on three million ton/year capacity steel projects. The data analyzed has been collected from “Company A”, a company with 50 years of domestic and 20 years international steel-iron plant project execution and operation experience. An economic analysis is performed on the best, most likely, and worst-case cost/revenue scenarios of a virtual project (which represents the average of all Company A projects) and two Company A projects under construction/operation. The findings support the use of the tolling model in volatile markets, showing a net present value (NPV) profitability increase of up to $940 versus the traditional project company model under worst case market conditions. However, the traditional project company model was found to be superior in best case market conditions. With these findings, international steel companies are able to consider alternative financing structures when executing projects in volatile markets, potentially resulting in greater project sponsor and SPC profit.
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/95264
ISSN
1996-1073
Article Type
Article
Citation
Energies, vol. 12, no. 7, page. 1221, 2019-03
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 LEE, EUL BUM
Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology
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