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N-terminal acetylation and the N-end rule pathway control degradation of the lipid droplet protein PLIN2

Title
N-terminal acetylation and the N-end rule pathway control degradation of the lipid droplet protein PLIN2
Authors
NGUYEN, KHALEE, CHANG SEOKMUN, SANGHYEONTruong Thimy NhungPARK, SANG KIHWANG, CHEOL SANG
POSTECH Authors
PARK, SANG KIHWANG, CHEOL SANG
Date Issued
Jan-2019
Publisher
AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Abstract
Perilipin 2 (PLIN2) is a major lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein that regulates intracellular lipid homeostasis and LD formation. Under lipid-deprived conditions, the LD-unbound (free) form of PLIN2 is eliminated in the cytosol by an as yet unknown ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway that is associated with the N-terminal or near N-terminal residues of the protein. Here, using HeLa, HEK293T and HepG2 human cell lines, cycloheximide chase, in vivo ubiquitylation, split-Ub yeast two hybrid and chemical crosslinking-based reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation assays, we found that TEB4 (MARCH6), an E3 Ub ligase and recognition component of the Ac/N-end rule pathway, directly targets the N-terminal acetyl moiety of Nα-terminally acetylated PLIN2 for its polyubiquitylation and degradation by the 26S proteasome. We also show that the TEB4-mediated Ac/N-end rule pathway reduces intracellular LD accumulation by degrading PLIN2. Collectively, these findings identify PLIN2 as a substrate of the Ac/N-end rule pathway and indicate a previously unappreciated role of the Ac/N-end rule pathway in LD metabolism.
Perilipin 2 (PLIN2) is a major lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein that regulates intracellular lipid homeostasis and LD formation. Under lipid-deprived conditions, the LD-unbound (free) form of PLIN2 is eliminated in the cytosol by an as yet unknown ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway that is associated with the N-terminal or near N-terminal residues of the protein. Here, using HeLa, HEK293T and HepG2 human cell lines, cycloheximide chase, in vivo ubiquitylation, split-Ub yeast two hybrid and chemical crosslinking-based reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation assays, we found that TEB4 (MARCH6), an E3 Ub ligase and recognition component of the Ac/N-end rule pathway, directly targets the N-terminal acetyl moiety of Nα-terminally acetylated PLIN2 for its polyubiquitylation and degradation by the 26S proteasome. We also show that the TEB4-mediated Ac/N-end rule pathway reduces intracellular LD accumulation by degrading PLIN2. Collectively, these findings identify PLIN2 as a substrate of the Ac/N-end rule pathway and indicate a previously unappreciated role of the Ac/N-end rule pathway in LD metabolism.
Perilipin 2 (PLIN2) is a major lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein that regulates intracellular lipid homeostasis and LD formation. Under lipid-deprived conditions, the LD-unbound (free) form of PLIN2 is eliminated in the cytosol by an as yet unknown ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway that is associated with the N-terminal or near N-terminal residues of the protein. Here, using HeLa, HEK293T and HepG2 human cell lines, cycloheximide chase, in vivo ubiquitylation, split-Ub yeast two hybrid and chemical crosslinking-based reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation assays, we found that TEB4 (MARCH6), an E3 Ub ligase and recognition component of the Ac/N-end rule pathway, directly targets the N-terminal acetyl moiety of Nα-terminally acetylated PLIN2 for its polyubiquitylation and degradation by the 26S proteasome. We also show that the TEB4-mediated Ac/N-end rule pathway reduces intracellular LD accumulation by degrading PLIN2. Collectively, these findings identify PLIN2 as a substrate of the Ac/N-end rule pathway and indicate a previously unappreciated role of the Ac/N-end rule pathway in LD metabolism.
Perilipin 2 (PLIN2) is a major lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein that regulates intracellular lipid homeostasis and LD formation. Under lipid-deprived conditions, the LD-unbound (free) form of PLIN2 is eliminated in the cytosol by an as yet unknown ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway that is associated with the N-terminal or near N-terminal residues of the protein. Here, using HeLa, HEK293T, and HepG2 human cell lines, cycloheximide chase, in vivo ubiquitylation, split-Ub yeast two-hybrid, and chemical cross-linking-based reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation assays, we found that TEB4 (MARCH6), an E3 Ub ligase and recognition component of the Ac/N-end rule pathway, directly targets the N-terminal acetyl moiety of N-terminally acetylated PLIN2 for its polyubiquitylation and degradation by the 26S proteasome. We also show that the TEB4-mediated Ac/N-end rule pathway reduces intracellular LD accumulation by degrading PLIN2. Collectively, these findings identify PLIN2 as a substrate of the Ac/N-end rule pathway and indicate a previously unappreciated role of the Ac/N-end rule pathway in LD metabolism.
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/94262
DOI
10.1074/jbc.RA118.005556
ISSN
0021-9258
Article Type
Article
Citation
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 294, no. 1, page. 379 - 388, 2019-01
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