산화물 형성 거동이 페라이트계 스테인리스강의 열간압연 시 발생하는 스티킹(sticking)에 미치는 영향
- 산화물 형성 거동이 페라이트계 스테인리스강의 열간압연 시 발생하는 스티킹(sticking)에 미치는 영향
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- Sticking phenomenon occurring during hot rolling of the five kinds of ferritic stainless steels, STS 445NF and the modified stainless steels, was investigated in this study. Hot-rolling simulation tests were conducted by a high-temperature wear tester which could simulate actual hot rolling. The simulation test results revealed that the sticking process proceeded with three stages, i.e., nucleation, growth, and saturation. Since the hardness continuously decreased as the test temperature increased, whereas the formation of Fe-Cr oxides in the rolled steel surface region increased, the sticking of five stainless steels was evaluated by considering both the high-temperature hardness and oxidation effects. The addition of Zr, Cu, or Si had a beneficial effect on the sticking resistance, while the Ni addition did not show any difference in the sticking. Particularly in the case of the Si addition, Si oxides formed first in the initial stage of high-temperature oxidation, worked as initiation sites for Fe-Cr oxides, accelerated the formation of Fe-Cr oxides, and thus raised the sticking resistance by about 10 times in comparison with the steel without Si content.
But these results can’t show the actual rolling process because it had no furnace condition before rolling process. So, the mechanisms of sticking phenomena occurring during hot rolling of a modified STS 445NF ferritic stainless steel have been investigated in this study by using a pilot-plant-scale rolling machine. As the rolling pass proceeds, the Fe-Cr oxide layer formed in a reheating furnace is destroyed, and the destroyed oxides penetrate into the rolled steel to form a thin oxide layer on the surface region. The sticking does not occur on the surface region containing oxides, whereas it occurs on the surface region without oxides by the separation of the rolled steel at high temperatures. This indicates that the resistance to sticking increases by the increase in the surface hardness when a considerable amount of oxides are formed on the surface region, and that the sticking can be evaluated by the volume fraction and distribution of oxides formed on the surface region. The addition of Zr, Cu had a beneficial effect on the sticking resistance, while the Ni addition did not show any difference in the sticking. On the other hand Si had a harmful effect on the sticking resistance. The lubrication and the increase of the rolling speed and rolling temperature beneficially affect to the resistance to sticking because they accelerate the formation of oxides on the steel surface region. In order to prevent or minimize the sticking, thus, it is suggested to increase the thickness of the oxide layer formed in the reheating furnace and to homogeneously distribute oxides along the surface region by controlling the hot-rolling process.
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