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Inverse Multipath Fingerprinting for Millimeter Wave V2I Beam Alignment

Title
Inverse Multipath Fingerprinting for Millimeter Wave V2I Beam Alignment
Authors
VA, VUTHACHOI, JUNILSHIMIZU, TAKAYUKIBANSAL, GAURAVHEATH, ROBERT
POSTECH Authors
CHOI, JUNIL
Date Issued
May-2018
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Abstract
Efficient beam alignment is a crucial component in millimeter wave systems with analog beamforming, especially in fast-changing vehicular settings. This paper proposes to use the vehicle's position (e.g., available via GPS) to query a multipath fingerprint database, which provides prior knowledge of potential pointing directions for reliable beam alignment. The approach is the inverse of fingerprinting localization, where the measured multipath signature is compared to the fingerprint database to retrieve the most likely position. The power loss probability is introduced as a metric to quantify misalignment accuracy and is used for optimizing candidate beam selection. Two candidate beam selection methods are developed, where one is a heuristic while the other minimizes the misalignment probability. The proposed beam alignment is evaluated using realistic channels generated from a commercial ray-tracing simulator. Using the generated channels, an extensive investigation is provided, which includes the required measurement sample size to build an effective fingerprint, the impact of measurement noise, the sensitivity to changes in traffic density, and beam alignment overhead comparison with IEEE 802.11ad as the baseline. Using the concept of beam coherence time, which is the duration between two consecutive beam alignments, and parameters of IEEE 802.11ad, the overhead is compared in the mobility context. The results show that while the proposed approach provides increasing rates with larger antenna arrays, IEEE 802.11ad has decreasing rates due to the higher beam training overhead that eats up a large portion of the beam coherence time, which becomes shorter with increasing mobility.
Keywords
Millimeter wave, vehicular communication, 5G mobile communication, beam alignment, position-aided
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/51044
DOI
10.1109/TVT.2017.2787627
ISSN
0018-9545
Article Type
Article
Citation
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, vol. 67, no. 5, page. 4042 - 4058, 2018-05
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 CHOI, JUNIL
Dept of Electrical Enginrg
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