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Chaos and unpredictability in evolution of cooperation in continuous time

Title
Chaos and unpredictability in evolution of cooperation in continuous time
Authors
JUNG, WOO SUNGYOU, TAEKHOMINJI, KWONJO, HANG HYUNBAEK, Seung Ki
POSTECH Authors
JUNG, WOO SUNG
Date Issued
Dec-2017
Publisher
American Physical Society
Abstract
Cooperators benefit others with paying costs. Evolution of cooperation crucially depends on the cost-benefit ratio of cooperation, denoted as c. In thiswork, we investigate the infinitely repeated prisoner's dilemma for various values of c with four of the representative memory-one strategies, i.e., unconditional cooperation, unconditional defection, tit-for-tat, and win-stay-lose-shift. We consider replicator dynamics which deterministically describes how the fraction of each strategy evolves over time in an infinite-sized well-mixed population in the presence of implementation error and mutation among the four strategies. Our finding is that this three-dimensional continuous-time dynamics exhibits chaos through a bifurcation sequence similar to that of a logistic map as c varies. If mutation occurs with rate mu << 1, the position of the bifurcation sequence on the c axis is numerically found to scale as mu << 0.1, and such sensitivity to mu suggests that mutation may have nonperturbative effects on evolutionary paths. It demonstrates how the microscopic randomness of the mutation process can be amplified to macroscopic unpredictability by evolutionary dynamics.
Keywords
TIT-FOR-TAT; PRISONERS-DILEMMA; LOSE-SHIFT; WIN-STAY; CONTINGENCY; ADAPTATION; EXTINCTION; DEFECTION; SELECTION; SUICIDE
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/38941
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevE.96.062310
ISSN
1063-651X
Article Type
Article
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW E, vol. 96, page. 062310, 2017-12
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 JUNG, WOO SUNG
Dept of Industrial & Management Enginrg
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