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Insecure attachment and emotional distress: Fear of self-compassion and self-compassdion as mediators

Title
Insecure attachment and emotional distress: Fear of self-compassion and self-compassdion as mediators
Authors
Ju Ri JoengSherri L. TurnerbEun Young KimSeung Ae ChoiYu Jeong Lee, Jung Ki Kim
POSTECH Authors
, Jung Ki Kim
Date Issued
Jul-2017
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Abstract
According to Attachment Theory (Bowlby, 1980), individual differences in adult attachment styles are based on attachments formed during infancy with primary caregivers. Adults who form secure attachments feel safe and secure in their relationships. Those who form insecure attachments do not. According to Self-Compassion Theory (Neff, 2003a, 2003b), and supported by research, self-compassion (i.e., compassionate attitudes and behaviors towards oneself) is associated with a variety of positive psychological outcomes, while a lack of self-compassion is associated with psychological distress (e.g., Barnard & Curry, 2011). Additionally, the fear of self-compassion has been negatively associated with self-compassion (Joeng & Turner, 2015). In this current study, we extend the research on attachment and self-compassion by examining how self-compassion and fear of self-compassion mediate two types of insecure attachment styles, anxious attachment and avoidant attachment, and two indicators of emotional distress, depression and anxiety, among 473 Korean college students. Structural equation modeling indicated that self-compassion independently mediated, and fear of self-compassion and self-compassion serially mediated, the paths from anxious and avoidant attachment to depression and anxiety in expected directions. Results are interpreted from the perspective of Korean culture, including the influence of Confucianism on the expression of self-compassion.
Keywords
Anxious attachmentAvoidant attachmentFear of self-compassionSelf-compassionAnxietyDepression
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/37851
DOI
10.1016/J.PAID.2017.02.048
ISSN
0191-8869
Article Type
Article
Citation
PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, vol. 112, page. 6 - 11, 2017-07
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 KIM, JUNG KI
Div of Humanities and Social Sciences
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