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Effects of annealing treatment prior to cold rolling on delayed fracture properties in ferrite-austenite duplex lightweight steels

Title
Effects of annealing treatment prior to cold rolling on delayed fracture properties in ferrite-austenite duplex lightweight steels
Authors
Sohn, SSSong, HKim, JGKwak, JHKim, HSLee, S김형섭
Date Issued
Feb-2016
Publisher
Springer
Abstract
Tensile properties of recently developed automotive high-strength steels containing about 10 wt pct of Mn and Al are superior to other conventional steels, but the active commercialization has been postponed because they are often subjected to cracking during formation or to the delayed fracture after formation. Here, the delayed fracture behavior of a ferrite-austenite duplex lightweight steel whose microstructure was modified by a batch annealing treatment at 1023 K (750 A degrees C) prior to cold rolling was examined by HCl immersion tests of cup specimens, and was compared with that of an unmodified steel. After the batch annealing, band structures were almost decomposed as strong textures of {100}aOE (c) 011 > alpha-fibers and {111}aOE (c) 112 > gamma-fibers were considerably dissolved, while ferrite grains were refined. The steel cup specimen having this modified microstructure was not cracked when immersed in an HCl solution for 18 days, whereas the specimen having unmodified microstructure underwent the delayed fracture within 1 day. This time delayed fracture was more critically affected by difference in deformation characteristics such as martensitic transformation and deformation inhomogeneity induced from concentration of residual stress or plastic strain, rather than the difference in initial microstructures. The present work gives a promise for automotive applications requiring excellent mechanical and delayed fracture properties as well as reduced specific weight.
Keywords
TRANSFORMATION-INDUCED PLASTICITY; TWINNING-INDUCED PLASTICITY; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES; TENSILE PROPERTIES; MARTENSITIC-TRANSFORMATION; DEFORMATION-BEHAVIOR; AL; STRENGTH; HYDROGEN; MICROSTRUCTURE
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/29911
DOI
10.1007/S11661-015-3187-7
ISSN
1073-5623
Article Type
ARTICLE
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