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A 2 GHz Fractional-N Digital PLL with 1b Noise Shaping Delta Sigma TDC

Title
A 2 GHz Fractional-N Digital PLL with 1b Noise Shaping Delta Sigma TDC
Authors
Jee, DWSeo, YHPark, HJSim, JY
POSTECH Authors
Park, HJSim, JY
Date Issued
Apr-2012
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Abstract
This paper presents a low-power noise-shaping Delta Sigma time-to-digital converter (TDC) and its application to a fractional-N digital PLL. With a simple structure of single-delay-stage Delta modulator followed by a charge pump based Sigma modulator, a wide range of TDC input is converted to Delta Sigma modulated single bit stream without loss of signal information. The Delta Sigma architecture of TDC effectively improves the conversion performance of linearity and resolution while handling a large input range due to the operation of the dual-modulus divider. In addition, with a downscaling of the amount of the single delay in Delta modulator, the signal and noise transfer characteristics of TDC can be profiled to suppress the out-band noises at the input to the loop filter, resulting in easy filtering without any extra noise cancelling scheme. The DPLL is fabricated with a 0.13 mu m CMOS technology. With a loop bandwidth of 1 MHz, DPLL shows an in-band phase noise of -107 dBc/Hz at 500 kHz offset and an out-of-band phase noise of -118.5 dBc/Hz at 3 MHz offset. The TDC consumes 1 mA.
Keywords
Delta-sigma modulator; digital PLL; fractional-N PLL; frequency synthesizer; noise-shaping; phase noise; time-to-digital converter; CHARGE-PUMP; CMOS; COMPENSATION; SYNTHESIZER; CONVERTER; DESIGN; ADPLL
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/15905
DOI
10.1109/JSSC.2012.2185190
ISSN
0018-9200
Article Type
Article
Citation
IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, vol. 47, no. 4, page. 875 - 883, 2012-04
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 PARK, HONG JUNE
Dept of Electrical Enginrg
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