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Boiling on spatially controlled heterogeneous surfaces: Wettability patterns on microstructures

Title
Boiling on spatially controlled heterogeneous surfaces: Wettability patterns on microstructures
Authors
Jo, HYu, DINoh, HPark, HSKim, MH
Date Issued
May-2015
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Abstract
We investigated nucleate boiling heat transfer with precisely controlled wetting patterns and micro-posts, to gain insights into the impact of surface heterogeneity. To create heterogeneous wetting patterns, self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) were spatially patterned. Even at a contact angle <90°, bubble nucleation and bubble frequency were accelerated on SAM patterns, since this contact angle is larger than that found on plain surfaces. Micro-posts were also fabricated on the surface, which interrupted the expansion of generated bubbles. This surface structuring induced smaller bubbles and higher bubble frequency than the plain surface. The resistance provided by surface structures to bubble expansion broke the interface between the vapor mushroom and the heating surface, and water could therefore be continuously supplied through these spaces at high heat flux. To induce synergistic effects with wetting patterns and surface structures on boiling, we fabricated SAM patterns onto the heads of micro-posts. On this combined surface, bubble nucleation was induced from the head of the micro-posts, and bubble growth was influenced by both the SAM pattern and the micro-post structures. In particular, separation of the vapor path on the SAM patterns and the liquid path between micro-post structures resulted in high heat transfer performance without critical heat flux deterioration. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/13238
ISSN
0003-6951
Article Type
Article
Citation
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, vol. 106, no. 18, 2015-05
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 KIM, MOO HWAN
Div. of Advanced Nuclear Enginrg
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