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Easy synthesis of dendrimer-like polymers through a divergent iterative "end-grafting" method

Title
Easy synthesis of dendrimer-like polymers through a divergent iterative "end-grafting" method
Authors
Zhang, HFZhu, JHe, JPQiu, FZhang, HDYang, YLLee, HChang, T
Date Issued
Feb-2013
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Abstract
We report here an easy method for the synthesis of dendrimer-like polymers with high branching functionality (1 -> 8). The synthetic process involves iterative grafting reactions in a divergent way. A multi-functional core containing short segments of polyisoprene (PI), either as a star-like block copolymer of isoprene and styrene or as a linear triblock copolymer of isoprene, styrene and isoprene (coded G1), is epoxidized on the double bonds and grafted with a living block copolymer, polyisoprene-b-polystyrenyllithium (PI-b-PSLi), again with a short PI segment, through the ring-opening reaction of oxirane by polymeric anions. The resulting graft polymer, G2, possesses a definite number of PI segments at the periphery. These PI segments are further epoxidized followed by the ring-opening addition of PI-b-PSLi, affording G3. Repeating the process leads to the synthesis of a dendrimer-like polystyrene up to 5th generation with a polydispersity lower than 1.21, as measured by SEC. A feature of the process is the easily accessible high chain density in the final product, although defects exist due to steric hindrance in the reactions of high generations. The solution properties of the dendritic products are investigated using viscometry and dynamic and static laser light scattering on the molecular conformation. The results support a compact globular conformation model for the dendrimer-like products. In addition, the chain density of the products from the star-like core is higher than that of products from a linear triblock core. AFM results show that the dendritic products adopt flattened conformations and tend to form lateral sphere-like aggregates on mica substrate.
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/12714
DOI
10.1039/C2PY20742G
ISSN
1759-9954
Article Type
Article
Citation
POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol. 4, no. 3, page. 830 - 839, 2013-02
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