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On the stability of nucleic acid feedback control systems

Title
On the stability of nucleic acid feedback control systems
Authors
PAULINO, NUNO MGFOO, MATHIASKIM, JONGMINBATES, DECLAN G
Date Issued
Sep-2020
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Abstract
Recent work has shown how chemical reaction network theory may be used to design dynamical systems that can be implemented biologically in nucleic acid-based chemistry. While this has allowed the construction of advanced open-loop circuitry based on cascaded DNA strand displacement (DSD) reactions, little progress has so far been made in developing the requisite theoretical machinery to inform the systematic design of feedback controllers in this context. Here, we develop a number of foundational theoretical results on the equilibria, stability, and dynamics of nucleic acid controllers. In particular, we show that the implementation of feedback controllers using DSD reactions introduces additional nonlinear dynamics, even in the case of purely linear designs, e.g. PI controllers. By decomposing the effects of these non-observable nonlinear dynamics, we show that, in general, the stability of the linear system design does not necessarily imply the stability of the underlying chemical reaction network, which can be lost under experimental variability when feedback interconnections are introduced. We provide an in-depth theoretical analysis, and present an example to illustrate when the linear design does not capture the instability of the full nonlinear system implemented as a DSD reaction network, and we further confirm these results using Visual DSD, a bespoke software tool for simulating nucleic acid-based circuits. Our analysis highlights the many interesting and unique characteristics of this important new class of feedback control systems. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords
ANALOG COMPUTATION; DNA; DESIGN
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/103875
ISSN
0005-1098
Article Type
Article
Citation
AUTOMATICA, vol. 119, 2020-09
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