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Characterization of surface anchoring energy of nematic liquid crystals via electrohydrodynamic instability

Title
Characterization of surface anchoring energy of nematic liquid crystals via electrohydrodynamic instability
Authors
Ryu, Dae GeonHug, Jong-HoonKIM, YOUNG-KIGwag, Jin Seog
Date Issued
18-Jun-2020
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
Herein, a method is proposed to determine the azimuthal anchoring energies of surface liquid crystals (LCs), as they gradually change orientation from a vertical to a horizontal state owing to an increase in the voltage applied to each LC cell. The LC cells are characterized using the direction of the Williams roll pattern related to the midplane LC director of the conduction regime of the electrohydrodynamic convection patterns of LCs. The application of the midplane LC directions, obtained from the direction of the roll patterns, to the Ericksen-Leslie equation produces the precise values of the surface anchoring strength. The hybrid type 90 degrees-twisted nematic LC cell, composed of homeotropic and homogeneous LC alignment layers on the top and bottom substrates, respectively, was used to find the azimuthal anchoring energy of the surface LCs, indicated by voltages at the initially vertically aligned LC state. It was observed that the surface azimuthal anchoring energy on the homeotropic layer increased with an increase in voltage. We expect that the proposed technique may be excellent in terms of ease of use, simplicity, and accuracy because the azimuthal anchoring energy can be visually evaluated through the roll pattern.
Keywords
STRENGTH; ALIGNMENT; CELL
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/103869
ISSN
1539-3755
Article Type
Article
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW E, vol. 101, no. 6, 2020-06-18
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