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Computed terahertz near-field mapping of molecular resonances of lactose stereo-isomer impurities with sub-attomole sensitivity

Title
Computed terahertz near-field mapping of molecular resonances of lactose stereo-isomer impurities with sub-attomole sensitivity
Authors
Moon, K.Do, Y.Park, H.Kim, J.Kang, H.Lee, G.Lim, J.-H.Kim, J.Han, H.
Date Issued
Nov-2019
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Abstract
Terahertz near-field microscopy (THz-NFM) could locally probe low-energy molecular vibration dynamics below diffraction limits, showing promise to decipher intermolecular interactions of biomolecules and quantum matters with unique THz vibrational fingerprints. However, its realization has been impeded by low spatial and spectral resolutions and lack of theoretical models to quantitatively analyze near-field imaging. Here, we show that THz scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy (THz s-SNOM) with a theoretical model can quantitatively measure and image such low-energy molecular interactions, permitting computed spectroscopic near-field mapping of THz molecular resonance spectra. Using crystalline-lactose stereo-isomer (anomer) mixtures (i.e., alpha-lactose (>= 95%, w/w) and beta-lactose (<= 4%, w/w)), THz s-SNOM resolved local intermolecular vibrations of both anomers with enhanced spatial and spectral resolutions, yielding strong resonances to decipher conformational fingerprint of the trace beta-anomer impurity. Its estimated sensitivity was similar to 0.147 attomoles in similar to 8 x 10(-4) mu m(3) interaction volume. Our THz s-SNOM platform offers a new path for ultrasensitive molecular fingerprinting of complex mixtures of biomolecules or organic crystals with markedly enhanced spatio-spectral resolutions. This could open up significant possibilities of THz technology in many fields, including biology, chemistry and condensed matter physics as well as semiconductor industries where accurate quantitative mappings of trace isomer impurities are critical but still challenging.
URI
http://oasis.postech.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/100482
ISSN
2045-2322
Article Type
Article
Citation
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol. 9, 2019-11
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 HAN, HAEWOOK
Dept of Electrical Enginrg
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