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Oxide Solubility Minimum in Liquid Fe-M-O Alloy

Oxide Solubility Minimum in Liquid Fe-M-O Alloy
Kang, Youn-Bae
Date Issued
Springer Boston
"The origin of the solubility minimum of oxide (MxO y) in liquid Fe-M-O alloy was investigated, and the minimum was predicted based on thermodynamic calculations. Due to the characteristic property of activities of M and O in the liquid, a maximum exists in the product between the two activities if the affinity of M to O is significantly high, as most deoxidizing elements are. A critical activity product is defined, which is an indicator of the solubility minimum of the MxO y in the liquid Fe-M-O alloy according to the following relationship: max(aMx��aO?y)=KMxOy��aMxOy, where the aMxOy is unity if the alloy is in equilibrium with the pure MxO y. The origin of the solubility minimum was explained using the change of the activity product by composition. Available CALPHAD assessments for several binary Fe-M liquid alloys and Wagner��s solvation shell model were combined to calculate the activity product in the Fe-M-O alloy, which can be used to predict the solubility minimum of MxO y. A favorable agreement was obtained when M= Al , B, Cr, Mn, Nb, Si, Ta, Ti, V, and Zr. The Gibbs energy of dissolution of O in pure liquid M (��gO?(M)?) and the Gibbs energy of the formation of MxO y per mole of atoms (��gMxOy?/(x+y)) play important roles in determining the solubility minimum, as long as an interaction between Fe and M is less significant than the interaction between metal (Fe and M) and O. Predictions of the solubility minima of CaO and MgO were not satisfactory, requiring further improvement of the present analysis. ? 2019, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International.
Article Type
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 50, no. 6, page. 2942 - 2958, 2019-12
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